Neurotrophins are a family of proteins that influence neurons through cell signaling. Specifically, neurotrophins bind to a cell’s receptors to “send a message” to the cells, and thereby cause a reaction or change from the cell. And neurotrophins bind to two classes of receptors: the p75, and the Trk families of Tyrosine kinase receptors. p75 […]

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acetylcholine 3D chemical model


Here are my notes on acetylcholine. Just so you can get an idea of what it does in the brain and in the body, and why it is important for cognition. So acetylcholine (ACh) is one of many kinds of neurotransmitter that are found in the body. To be brief, neurotransmitters are the chemicals released […]

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Norepinephrine, which is also known as noradrenaline, is a monoamine neurotransmitter that also functions as a hormone in the brain and body. Etymology The name “noradrenaline,” is derived by the United Kingdom from the Latin roots meaning “at/alongside the kidneys,”. In the United States, “norepinephrine,” is derived from Greek roots having that same meaning. The […]

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5-HT serotonin neurotransmitter pills on leaf

What is Serotonin? How Does 5-HT Work?

Serotonin, also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT),  is a monoamine neurotransmitter and neuromodulator that can be found in the Central Nervous System (CNS), in the blood platelets, and in the Gastrointestinal tract (GI) a.k.a. the stomach. Note that serotonin is manufactured by the body mainly in the GI tract. In fact, 90% of all of a […]

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eyes focused on the dopamine driven prize

What is Dopamine, Dopaminergic Pathways, & Relation to Motivation

What is Dopamine? Dopamine is a Neurotransmitter Dopamine is a chemical messenger, a.k.a neurotransmitter, that is used by brain neurons to communicate with each other. The dopamine in the brain is usually involved in the regulation of movement, for cognitive processes such as maintaining attention, working memory, and motivational behavior. Dopamine is also the primary […]

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